Postural control and body awareness in mental disorders. Topic review



Palabras clave:

Mental health, postural balance, mental disorders, proprioception and interoception


The affectation of higher mental functions as a consequence of mental disorders generates alterations in the control of movement and corporal conscience from the lived, perceived, and represented body. Mental functions are recognized as essential pillars for the development of the human motor system. Objective: To evidence the relationship that exists between postural control alterations and body awareness with mental pathologies, described from Physiology and Pharmacology, and the sequelae within human body movement and the acquisition of motor skills. Materials and methods: a review of the literature from the search for information related to terms in Spanish and English. Results: twelve articles in different academic journals were selected; the exposed information allowed us to describe the altered physiological processes in the central nervous system, mental disorders, body awareness, involvement of psychopharmacology, and considerations regarding the theories on the mind-body relationship. Conclusions: Although the literature recognizes the body-mind duality, its importance within human body movement, and the alterations that mental disorders can generate in motor skills and postural control, more research on this association is necessary to find the significance of the results.

Biografía del autor/a

Mayra Valeria Escobar Insuasti, Universidad Mariana

Principal Author. Neurorehabilitation Specialist, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales. Teacher at Universidad Mariana, Nariño, Colombia. 

Rosa Helena Eraso Angulo, Universidad Mariana

Specialist in Physical Therapy Intervention in Orthopedics and Traumatology, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales; Master in Epidemiology, Universidad CES de Medellín. Teacher at Universidad Mariana, Nariño, Colombia. Member of the CINESIA group.

Valentina Piedrahita Calderón

Physiotherapist. Nariño, Colombia.

Karen Sofia Arévalo Carrillo

Physiotherapist. Nariño, Colombia.

Lizeth Natalia Inca Rodríguez

Physiotherapist. Nariño, Colombia.

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Cómo citar

Escobar Insuasti, M. V., Eraso Angulo, R. H., Piedrahita Calderón, V., Arévalo Carrillo, K. S., & Inca Rodríguez, L. N. (2023). Postural control and body awareness in mental disorders. Topic review. Revista Criterios, 30(1), 82–91.


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