Anemia ferropénica en mujeres jóvenes: actividad en el aula y revisión de la literatura con base en dos casos

Autores/as

  • José Manuel González Rayas
  • Luisa Kathur Henne Palomeras
  • Sofía Bermúdez Sáyago
  • Paloma Siller García
  • Valeria Hornedo Torres
  • Rosa del Carmen López Sánchez

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31948/rev.criterios/26.1-art5

Palabras clave:

anemia ferropénica, hierro, mujer joven, eritrocitos, hemoglobina

Resumen

La anemia ferropénica es un tipo de anemia ocasionada por un déficit de hierro. El hierro es importante para el transporte de oxígeno a través de la sangre y la eritropoyesis. La falta de este elemento puede deberse a una mala absorción a nivel gastrointestinal, una dieta pobre en hierro o una pérdida prolongada de sangre. El presente artículo se origina en una actividad llevada a cabo en el aula sobre la simulación y discusión de un escenario clínico hipotético de anemia ferropénica en una mujer premenopáusica. Así, se describe la enfermedad y su manifestación. Adicionalmente, se incluye una revisión actualizada de la literatura y la descripción de un caso clínico real. El objetivo principal de este artículo es proveer a los profesionales de la salud con un panorama actualizado acerca de la patología y opciones para llevar a cabo una sospecha clínica de pacientes en riesgo.

Biografía del autor/a

José Manuel González Rayas

Estudiante de Medicina, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud del Tecnológico de Monterrey, México.

Luisa Kathur Henne Palomeras

Estudiante de Medicina, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud del Tecnológico de Monterrey, México.

Sofía Bermúdez Sáyago

Estudiante de Medicina, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud del Tecnológico de Monterrey, México.

Paloma Siller García

Estudiante de Medicina, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud del Tecnológico de Monterrey, México.

Valeria Hornedo Torres

Estudiante de Medicina, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud del Tecnológico de Monterrey, México.

Rosa del Carmen López Sánchez

Doctora en Ciencias; Maestra en Ciencias; Químico Farmacéutico Biólogo. Profesora del Tecnológico de Monterrey, Monterrey, México.

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Cómo citar

González Rayas, J. M., Henne Palomeras, L. K., Bermúdez Sáyago, S., Siller García, P., Hornedo Torres, V., & López Sánchez, R. del C. (2019). Anemia ferropénica en mujeres jóvenes: actividad en el aula y revisión de la literatura con base en dos casos. Revista Criterios, 26(1), 81–108. https://doi.org/10.31948/rev.criterios/26.1-art5

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2019-05-14

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